These test methods – ASTM D143- , cover the determination of various strength and related properties of wood by testing small clear specimens.
Significance and Use
These test methods cover tests on small clear specimens of wood that are made to provide the following:
Data for comparing the mechanical properties of various species,
Data for the establishment of correct strength functions, which in conjunction with results of tests of timbers in structural sizes (see Test Methods D198 and Test Methods D4761), afford a basis for establishing allowable stresses, and
Data to determine the influence on the mechanical properties of such factors as density, locality of growth, position in cross section, height of timber in the tree, change of properties with seasoning or treatment with chemicals, and change from sapwood to heartwood.
These test methods cover the determination of various strength and related properties of wood by testing small clear specimens.
These test methods represent procedures for evaluating the different mechanical and physical properties, controlling factors such as specimen size, moisture content, temperature, and rate of loading.
Sampling and collection of material is discussed in Practice D5536. Sample data, computation sheets, and cards have been incorporated, which were of assistance to the investigator in systematizing records.