ASTM D2261 – 13(2017): Standard Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by the Tongue (Single Rip) Procedure (Constant-Rate-of-Extension Tensile Testing Machine)
This test method covers the measurement of the tearing strength of textile fabrics by the tongue (single rip) procedure using a recording constant-rate-of-extension-type (CRE) tensile testing machine.
The CRE-type tensile testing machine has become the preferred test apparatus for determining tongue tearing strength. It is recognized that some constant-rate-of-traverse-type (CRT) tensile testing machines continue to be used. As a consequence, these test instruments may be used when agreed upon between the purchaser and the supplier. The conditions for use of the CRT-type tensile tester are included in .
This test method applies to most fabrics including woven fabrics, air bag fabrics, blankets, napped fabrics, knit fabrics, layered fabrics, pile fabrics and non-wovens. The fabrics may be untreated, heavily sized, coated, resin-treated, or otherwise treated. Instructions are provided for testing specimens with or without wetting.
Tear strength, as measured in this test method, requires that the tear be initiated before testing. The reported value obtained is not directly related to the force required to initiate or start a tear.
Two calculations for tongue tearing strength are provided: the single-peak force and the average of five highest peak forces.
Standard Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by the Tongue (Single Rip) Procedure (Constant-Rate-of-Extension Tensile Testing Machine)
Tearing strength is defined (ASTM D1682) as the force required to start or to continue to tear a fabric, in either weft or warp direction, under specified conditions. A tear in a fabric or garment generally occurs progressively along a line, and can be initiated by a moving fabric being caught on a sharp object. Several methods are used to measure tear strength, e.g. double tongue rip (tear) test, trapezoid tear test, (ASTM D5587) and single tongue tear test (ASTM D2661, BS 4303).